The Possibility of European Deflation

The euro zone has struggled mightily in recent years, with its economy shrinking in both 2012 and 2013. Now it faces a new worry. Inflation in the euro zone has fallen to a 0.4% annualized rate, well below the target of close to 2% set by the European Central Bank (ECB) and close to outright deflation. The dangers of high inflation (a sustained rise in the prices of goods and services throughout the economy) are well known: it reduces the value of people’s savings and can make individuals and businesses reluctant to invest. So shouldn’t deflation (a decline in prices) be beneficial? Not exactly.

Topics: Blog Inflation Europe ECB Deflation

Checking in on Abenomics

When Shinzo Abe was elected as Japan’s Prime Minister in December 2012, he launched a bold plan of economic reforms that became known as “Abenomics”. These reforms included increased government spending, more purchases of government bonds by the country’s central bank, deregulation, and new international trade agreements. The aim was to jolt the country out of two decades of stagnation that had been characterized by deflation and mediocre economic growth.

Topics: Yen Japan Blog Deflation Abenomics